Sandy City has been named a Tree City USA community by The National Arbor Day Foundation to honor its commitment to community forestry.
Urban forestry, also known as "community forestry", is the management of trees and shrubs on public lands in an aesthetically pleasing and healthy manner. The healthy manner refers not only to the vegetation, but also the citizens living in this urban setting. Our citizens must remain safe from hazards caused by the urban forest. Public lands, by definition, are those areas owned or maintained by the local government entity, but by nature, the scope of the urban forest extends into the private sector as well.
Sandy City's new Tree Ordinance, enacted in January of 2002, helps clarify the responsibilities of private citizens as well as the City. The new ordinance defines problem areas that affect public safety and designates who holds the responsibility to alleviate these unsafe conditions. The Tree Ordinance also provides guidelines for pruning heights along sidewalks and streets for both City workers and homeowners to use to keep these right-of-ways free of vegetation.
Much of Sandy City's charm and character are the results of the beautiful urban forest planted on private residences by Sandy's citizens. The parkstrips in front of most Sandy homes is the area where public lands and private ownership merges. These parkstrips and the trees in them are owned by Sandy City but are planted and maintained by Sandy's homeowners. It is the homeowner's responsibility for the selection and maintenance of their parkstrip trees. It is our goal to keep Sandy's entire urban forest wholesome and beautiful.
The right tree for the right place is a widely used urban forestry axiom. In the close and restricted areas that City crews have to maintain around park strips and along roadways, tree selection for parkstrips has become a necessary part of Sandy's development code. Also, in the tight confines most residents in Sandy have to work within, proper tree selection can be a critical factor in their future relationship with trees.
The main focus of my job as Sandy City's Community Forester is not to drive around and police the tree selection and pruning practices of the City's homeowners, but to provide the education necessary to keep Sandy's urban forest vibrant, thriving and user friendly. We need our citizens to participate in learning about the right tree for the right place, proper pruning to keep trees healthy and safe, and understanding that we can make our landscapes less water dependent by keeping trees in natural areas and reducing the amount of blue grass in our yards.
Sandy City is very proud of the diversity and size of our tree population. We would like to recognize trees that stand out because of their size, unique species, or their historical importance. Anyone can nominate a heritage tree. The criterion for a Heritage Tree is that:
- Tree must be accessible for a street view (Front or side yards, Public trees etc.)
- Tree has to be of a unique size, species, or of historical value
- Size includes both height and diameter at breast height (dbh)
- Species and cultivar should be included if known
- Address or location of tree must be included & Pictures are very helpful
- Property owner consent is necessary for privately owned trees
To nominate a tree for Heritage Tree Status Please fill out this form and submit to Sandy City Parks Department 440 E. 8680 S. Sandy UT. 84070 or you may email it. Sandy City has already identified many outstanding trees in our community on public lands. To obtain locations of these trees click here.
Branch Bark Ridge and Collar
- Identify location of branch bark ridge & collar.
- The branch bark ridge is on top of the branch. It is the rough area in the crease where the branch joins the trunk. (Fig. 1-A)
- The branch bark collar is on the under side of the branch. It is the swollen area where the branch joins the trunk. (Fig. 1-B)
Three Cut Technique
- 1st cut, 3" to 4" away from trunk, underside of branch 1\3 through diameter of branch.
- 2nd cut, above and just to the outside of 1st cut, all the way through the branch.
- 3rd cut prunes the stub off using techniques in above. (Fig. 2)
- If this technique isn't used on branches greater than 1" in diameter, frequently the weight of the branch, as a single cut is made, strips the bark from the trunk of the tree for quite a way below the branch bark collar.
- Directional or drop crotch pruning is used to thin the crown of a tree or shape the structure of the tree while keeping it healthy.
- Cut back to a crotch with a branch at least 1/3 the size of the main branch using the techniques outlined in the first section above.
- Topping or stubbing off branches usually results in profuse suckering with 10 times the vegetation originally removed. These suckers also have weak branch attachments.
- Removal of the crown should never exceed more that 1/3 of the total crown.
- Topping conifers usually leads to deformities and hazards.
- Prune for need, i.e.; crown raising, shaping, removal of an obstruction, crossing branches, dead or diseased limbs.
- Timing - before leaf bud, after spring growth in midsummer, after leaves have dropped.
- Don't's - Never top or round off trees, this leads to weak branch attachments, induces suckers.
- Good tree selection and proper location can alleviate a lot of pruning problems.
- Prune and shape when trees are young and easily accessible.